Archives for Engineering

New symposium highlights research on targeting of incurable diseases via RNA

(Scripps Research Institute) Basic understanding of RNA biology has accelerated as the role of RNAs in disease has become clearer. Approaches to designing effective and selective RNA-focused therapeutic strategies have followed, and are showing great promise, opening diseases once deemed ‘undruggable’ to potential treatment strategies. On Dec. 5, 2019, Scripps Research, Florida hosts a new symposium aimed at bringing together leading scholars in RNA biology.

Original source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/sri-nsh111119.php

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NIH RO1 grant to help improve ultrasound tomography for breast cancer detection

(University of Illinois College of Engineering) In the growing need to improve imaging techniques, the United States Department of Health and Human Services has awarded an RO1 grant titled ‘Advanced image reconstruction for accurate and high-resolution breast ultrasound tomography’ to teams at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Wayne State University.

Original source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/uoic-nrg111119.php

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Injectable, flexible electrode could replace rigid nerve-stimulating implants

(University of Wisconsin-Madison) By electrically stimulating nerves, neuromodulation therapies can reduce epileptic seizures, soothe chronic pain, and treat depression and a host of other health conditions without the use of conventional drugs like opioids. Now, University of Wisconsin-Madison biomedical engineers and their collaborators have made a significant advance that could dramatically reduce the cost of neuromodulation therapy, increase its reliability and make it much less invasive.

Original source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/uow-ife111119.php

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Better biosensor technology created for stem cells

(Rutgers University) A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases and other neurological disorders. The technology, which features a unique graphene and gold-based platform and high-tech imaging, monitors the fate of stem cells by detecting genetic material (RNA) involved in turning such cells into brain cells (neurons), according to a study in the journal Nano Letters.

Original source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/ru-bbt110719.php

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Scientists develop sensor to save children, pets left in vehicles

(University of Waterloo) A small, inexpensive sensor could save lives by triggering an alarm when children or pets are left alone in vehicles. The new device, developed by researchers at the University of Waterloo, combines radar technology with artificial intelligence (AI) to detect unattended children or animals with 100-per-cent accuracy.

Original source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/uow-sds110819.php

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CRISPR: More than just for gene editing?

(Case Western Reserve University) Case Western Reserve University researchers have converted the CRISPR ‘recognition induced enzymatic signal’ to an electrical signal, which was then used to detect the biomarkers for viruses such as HPV or parvo. They hope the end result could be a new ‘universal biosensing’ point-of-care medical device — similar to the existing commercial blood-glucose sensor — that rapidly and accurately detects those viruses and more.

Original source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/cwru-cmt110819.php

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